زمان گذشته کامل (ماضی بعید)
فاعل+had+قسمت سوم فعل+ مفعول+…+گذشته ساده
گذشته کامل نشان می دهد که کاری در گذشته قبل از یک عمل گذشته دیگر انجام گرفته است.
دقت داشته باشید فرق گذشته کامل و گذشته کامل استمراری تنها در این است که ما در حالت استمرای بر تداوم کار تاکید داریم همین!
- I had eatenlunch before you came.
قبل از اینکه تو بیای من شام خورده بودم.
- I had seenthat movie before you saw.
- She had changedher hair style before we met her.
- We had visitedso many different places, before we came home.
- I hadnever seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.
- I did not have any money because I had lostmy wallet.
- Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visitedthe city several times.
- HadSusan ever studied Thai before she moved to Thailand?
- She only understood the movie because she had readthe book.
- Kristine hadnever been to an opera before last night.
- We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not bookedin advance.
- A: Hadyou ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006?
B: Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before.
طرز شناختن گذشته کامل
جملات در زمان ماضی بعید با یک گذشته ساده همراه اند همچنین با کلمات ربط by the time, as soon as, be for, after
بیان می شوند.
Hassan had left as soon as we came here.
طرز ساختن ماضی بعید
این زمان به کمک فعل کمکی had همراه با اسم مفعول فعل ماضی ساخته می شود.
I had gone.
She had gone.
طرز منفی و سوالی کردن گذشته کامل
برای سوالی کردن فعل کمکی had را به ابتدای جمله می آوریم و برای منفی کردن کلمه not را بعد از فعل کمکی had قرار می دهیم.
- Hadyou cleaned up the mess by the time they came home?
- HadAdam ever spoken to the CEO before he was fired?
- What hadthey said that made him so angry?
- Why hadhe agreed to work for that salary?
- How much hadhe drunk before you got to him?
- I had not eatenat that restaurant before today.
- Samantha hadn’t hadtime to explain her side of the story.
- My friends hadn’t ever goneto France.
- My friends had never goneto the USA either.